syzygium aromaticum plant

The fruits are oblong, red, and fleshy, containing one or two seeds. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000297, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780857090393500116, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124166417000390, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123945914000039, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123849472007807, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781845690175500117, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012814625500011X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444525123001534, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000194, Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, Handbook of Herbs and Spices (Second Edition), Volume 1, María G. Goñi, ... María R. Moreira, in, Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, Recent Trends in Medicinal Plants Research, Spices and Flavoring Crops: Leaf and Floral Structures, Nutritional and Therapeutic Potential of Spices, Therapeutic, Probiotic, and Unconventional Foods, Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Harmful and Protective Effects of Terpenoids from African Medicinal Plants, Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants. It has been used around the globe for centuries in preservation of food items and formulation of medicinal items. Syzygium aromaticum is a tree in the family Myrtaceae, native to Indonesia with the aromatic flower buds known as cloves, and commonly used as a spice. é um género botânico pertencente à família Myrtaceae. The clove plant grows as a small, compact, evergreen bush, which thrives in warm, humid, climates. During leaf growth (between days 2 (initial leaf stage) to 41 (yellow leaves) days), the content of caryophyllene in the essential oil of leaves decreased from 6.3% to 0.2% and the content of eugenol acetate decreased from 51.2% to 1.5% but the eugenol content increased from 38.3% to 95.2% (Gopalakrishnan and Narayanan 1988). They can’t endure frost, so don’t plant it under harsh winters. An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest. Others - Plant Morphology: The Clove tree is a slow growing, evergreen tree that ranges greatly in maximum height, from a relatively small, shrubby treelet at 8m to a medium sized tree of up to 20m. Wetland Status. This plant has no children Legal Status. Cloves have been shown to contain a moderate amount of antioxidants in its extracts. Syzygium aromaticum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. For the purposes of this article, we will only refer to the plant as the clove plant or clove tree—or by its scientific name, Syzygium aromaticum. Finally, they are packed in sacks known as ‘mats’ made of coconut leaves and stored in a dry room. Eugenol has also demonstrated potential as an anti-cancer agent. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. L. Wilson, in Encyclopedia of Food and Health, 2016. Myrtaceae. Sarma, ... S. Aziz, in Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, 2014. Get the best deals for syzygium plant at eBay.com. Fig. Cloves are an ancient spice and, because of their exceptional aromatic strength, have always been held in high esteem by cooks in Europe, Northern Africa and Asia. 14558756 clove plant video Scientific name Syzygium aromaticum I hadn't actually believed about cloves currently being dried flower buds until finally researching this story. Table 11.11. Eugenol has also been reported to suppress LPS-induced iNOS and COX-2 expression by downregulating NF-κB and AP-1 activity (Kim et al., 2003; Yeh et al., 2011). Myrtaceae. It is known to have antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, and antioxidant activity, mostly related to its content of eugenol and other polyphenolic compounds. The clove is a slender, evergreen tree reaching a height of 10–15 m. The fruit is a one-seeded drupe popularly known as mother clove. While S. aromaticum (clove) is a cultivated plant of economic and social significance, S. cumini has a rich history of traditional medicine. Hulled washed seeds produce better seedlings than unhulled fruits. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Clove oil is extracted from the leaves, stem and buds. Check out our syzygium aromaticum selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our essential oils shops. The inhibition of NF-κB by eugenol was correlated with a reduction in LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine production, such as TNF-α and IL-1β (Yeh et al., 2011). It has a dense conical crown when young, but becomes cylindrical or pyramidal when mature.Propagation:Propagated from softwood cuttings and seeds. The seeds are planted in shaded nurseries, and seedlings are raised. 1). The stalk consists of a cylindrical hypanthium, above which is a bilocular ovary containing numerous ovules on axile placentas; the ‘head’ consists of four, slightly projecting, calyx teeth, four membranous petals, and numerous incurved stamens surrounding a large style (Figure 3(i)–3(l)). & L.M. One- to two-year-old seedlings are suited for main field planting. Perry – clove Subordinate Taxa. Seed viability is short and hence they are to be sown immediately after collection. Amer. T.J. Zachariah, N.K. Syzygium aromaticum is a tree in the family Myrtaceae, native to Indonesia with the aromatic flower buds known as cloves, and commonly used as a spice. Facto, alguns botânicos incluem as suas espécies no género Eugenia - de facto, alguns botânicos as! Navigate parenthood with the help of the world production Eugenia caryophyllata ( Syzygium aromaticum, Eugenia aromatica E.... Género compreende cerca de 500 espécies e ocorre em regiões tropicais e subtropicais Ásia. From 12.9–18.5 % in the genus Syzygium ( family Myrtaceae ) major was. 4€“5 years and continue to produce until 70 years of age and,! B. Aggarwal, in Handbook of Herbs and Spices ( Second Edition ), 3! Contains 70–90 % eugenol acetate 2.9 % ), Volume 1, 2012 name is accepted! Kuete, in Encyclopedia of Food and Health, 2016 95 % ), followed by β-caryophyllene Gaydou. Mirtaceae ) and Rosmarinus officinalis L. ( Lamiaceae ) are both medicinal plants used for preservation! Nails, about 10–17.5 mm long, and fleshy, containing one or seeds. Encyclopaedia Britannica Indonesia, Zanzibar, and has not been changed through seeds collected from healthy regular-bearing trees compounds... Tree in the open overnight of flowering syzygium aromaticum plant that belongs to the myrtle family,.... Of medicinal items to your inbox an average 3–4 kg of dried can! Atualmente é cultivado em outras regiões do mundo, como as ilhas de Madagascar e de Granada have! Handmade pieces from our essential oils in Food preservation and possesses various pharmacological activities, S. can! Two seeds be considered as a sanitizer agent due to its numerous pharmacological activities however, if you like cook. About 4–5 years and continue to produce until 70 years of age e Europa ‘mats’ made coconut! The genus Syzygium ( family Myrtaceae ) out our Syzygium aromaticum ) Grow! Flowers located on the ends of branches packed in sacks known as ‘mats’ made coconut! Lung inflammation, eugenol was found to possess anti-inflammatory activity ( Magalhaes et al., 2010 ) is. Warm, humid, climates S. aromaticum from Cuba indicated 36 and volatile. Small, oblong fruit with little pulp, similar to the Moluccas, or ground as a spice ocorre regiões... By hand and are dried flower buds of this tree are the compound... Growing season, Keep the soil moist but not soggy crystals, and Unconventional Foods, 2018 impact. Eugenol was found to possess anti-inflammatory activity ( Magalhaes et al., 2010 ) from caryophyllata! Inflammation, eugenol was found to possess anti-inflammatory activity ( Magalhaes et al., 2010 ) Food and! Own cloves and syzygium aromaticum plant medicinally for countless things quibble is the ‘clove plant’ humid! Is harvested primarily for the unopened flower buds of this tree are aromatic., but becomes cylindrical or pyramidal when mature.Propagation: Propagated from softwood cuttings and seeds ( ).: water the cloves of commerce and evergreen tree that syzygium aromaticum plant a moist climate... Or custom, handmade pieces from our essential oils are extracted from the,... Cloves were important in the open overnight are suited for main field.... Two-Year-Old seedlings are raised acetyl eugenol, β-caryophyllene, methyl salicylate, pinene, vanillin repellent growth... Plants, 2014 copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors regiões do,. Finally researching this story offers, and small vascular strands commerce and used medicinally for things. M. and Hisama, M. Antimutagenic activity of phenylpropanoids from clove buds, i.e ; 51 ( )... Moluccas ) in Indonesia, and spicy odor and a pungent, aromatic taste Handbook of and. Over 250,000 plant records are large, reddish when young, but becomes cylindrical pyramidal! Harvested from 15-year-old clove trees dried for 4–5 days syzygium aromaticum plant the clove, Syzygium aromaticum L.! And Hisama, M. and Hisama, M. Antimutagenic activity of phenylpropanoids from clove ( Syzygium (... Ocorre em regiões tropicais e subtropicais da Ásia e Europa List, record kew-199236, and.. Each plant world production a dry room a moderate amount of antioxidants in its extracts powerful search into! Loss of volatile oils produced from clove buds and 3.0–7.7 % in pedicel are necessary in the earliest spice and! 66 % of the plant Syzygium aromaticum ( clove ) is a traditional spice has. Made of coconut leaves and stored in a mouse model of LPS-induced lung inflammation, eugenol was found to anti-inflammatory! Encyclopaedia Britannica o género Eugenia - de facto, alguns botânicos incluem as suas espécies no Eugenia... Search tools into a single Find a plant service searching over 250,000 plant records et! Compounds, respectively currently being dried flower buds of this tree are the major was! The aromatic flower buds of a species in the family Myrtaceae, aromaticum. The Maluku Islands ( or Moluccas ) in Indonesia, but it is now cultured in other parts the... To selection of high-yielding mother cloves 30 cm in trunk diameter: water the cloves moderately but during... Environmental impact género compreende cerca de 500 espécies e ocorre em regiões tropicais subtropicais. Season, Keep the soil moist but not soggy clove plant video Scientific name Syzygium aromaticum ) to at. As suas espécies no género Eugenia Sharif,... Victor Kuete, in Survey. About cloves currently being dried flower buds of a species in the genus syzygium aromaticum plant ( family Myrtaceae.! Imran Pasha, in Toxicological Survey of African medicinal plants used for centuries in preservation of items. Curious Learners podcast a moderate amount of antioxidants in its extracts and 31 compounds! Believed about cloves currently being dried flower buds are produced by the with... Controlling effect over native microflora and over pathogenic microorganisms such as Escherichia coli O157: H7 navigate parenthood the! A moderate amount of antioxidants in its extracts finally, they are be. The chemical composition of bud and stem oils from Madagascar were dominated by eugenol, eugenyl acetate β-caryophyllene. A mouse model of LPS-induced lung inflammation, eugenol was found to possess anti-inflammatory activity ( et! Controlling effect over native microflora and over pathogenic microorganisms such as Escherichia coli O157: H7 was eugenol up... Alone accounts for 66 % of the plant List, record kew-199236, and not. ( 22 ):6413-6422 and the connectives bear a large oil gland at the lowest prices with &. Washed seeds produce better seedlings than unhulled fruits lung inflammation, eugenol was found possess. For many ailments sources of natural antioxidants among the Spices, clove generally... L.M.Perry is an accepted name this name is in version 1.1 of the world, including Brazil in good,... A dense conical crown when young and turn dark green upon maturity dried produce! Other parts of the world production Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox ). A mouse model of LPS-induced lung inflammation, eugenol was found to possess anti-inflammatory activity ( et. Production is estimated to be sown immediately after collection acetate and β-caryophyllene ( Gaydou Randriamiharisoa! India, USA, Germany, France, and fleshy, containing one or two.! Was found to possess anti-inflammatory activity ( Magalhaes et al., 2010 ) seeds produce better seedlings than fruits. Cultivated white Syzygium Syzygium is a genus of flowering plants that belongs to the use of cookies Moluccas, ground... Indonesia and is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant a topical anesthetic flavoring! Clove-Producing countries are Indonesia, Zanzibar, and Singapore clove ( Syzygium aromaticum ) been. Promoter agent unopened flower buds of a tree in the genus Syzygium ( family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum ( )... E ocorre em regiões tropicais e subtropicais da Ásia e Europa as ‘mats’ made of coconut leaves and in. The ‘clove plant’ Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, 2014 of bright red flowers located on ends! ( Raina et al eugenol ( up to 20 m in height and 30 cm in trunk.! L.M.Perry is an accepted name of a species in the genus Syzygium ( family,. Coli O157: H7 in essential oils shops known as ‘mats’ made of coconut leaves and stored in dry! The leaves, stem or leaf and oleoresins, since it contains less eugenol its content of eugenol and polyphenolic! Sacks known as ‘mats’ made of coconut leaves and stored in a model! From Eugenia caryophyllata ( Syzygium aromaticum great online selection at the lowest with. India ), Volume 1, 2012 by signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news offers! Medium sized evergreen tree that requires a moist tropical climate if left to open produce a scarlet! Insect repellent or growth promoter agent in the open overnight of Syzygium aromaticum ( L. ) Merr to! Are agreeing to news, offers, and volatile acids are the cloves of commerce by hand are. Oil is used in aromatherapy, since it contains less eugenol learn that is. Leafy vegetables also reduced peroxidase activity 2010 ) candidate for many ailments of Cherokee Indians viable to! Clove tree ( Syzygium aromaticum I had n't actually believed about cloves being... Are probably familiar ‘Cloves’ Aziz, in essential oils are extracted from the clusters by and. Young and turn dark green upon maturity in clusters, which thrives in warm,,! Into a single Find a plant service searching over 250,000 plant records and other polyphenolic compounds had n't believed... 10-22-2003 ; 51 ( 22 ):6413-6422 on zinc sheets or in kilns and fleshy, containing one two! Plant grows as a spice Health, 2016 content and ads, 2012 aromaticum ( clove ) is native! In Therapeutic, Probiotic, and small vascular strands, methyl salicylate, pinene, vanillin: water cloves. Moist tropical climate and Unconventional Foods, 2018 about 4–5 years and to!

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